Brain Arousal and Information Theory

Neural and Genetic Mechanisms by Donald Pfaff

Publisher: Harvard University Press

Written in English
Cover of: Brain Arousal and Information Theory | Donald Pfaff
Published: Pages: 224 Downloads: 369
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Subjects:

  • Neurology & clinical neurophysiology,
  • Neuropsychology,
  • Medical,
  • Psychology,
  • Neuroscience,
  • Cognitive Psychology,
  • Medical / Neuroscience,
  • Information theory,
  • Arousal (Physiology),
  • Neurogenetics
  • The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages224
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL7691631M
    ISBN 100674019202
    ISBN 109780674019201

  A new study has linked signs of heightened arousal and reactivity -- a core symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) -- to overactivity of the locus coeruleus (LC), a brain region that. The Arousal-Seeking Behavioral Theory has been popular in aspects of both psychology and sociology. It was originated by Lindsley and further researched by many other psychologists and sociologists. This theory states that “for a variety of genetic and environmental reasons, some people’s brain functions differently in response to environmental stimuli” (Lee, ). . Arousal refers to our ability to maintain an optimal performance level and how alert we are in order to sustain our attention and complete tasks as the environment demands. Self regulation is our ability to achieve, sustain and change our arousal level to meet the changing demands of the task or situation.   Since empirical findings were not consistent with this unidimensional approach, recent efforts yielded towards a more complex arousal theory,,,.Boucsein, for example, presented a three-dimensional theoretical framework based on neurophysiological insights on arousal and information processing (see Fig. 1).This model has been confirmed by a PET .

The first section of this chapter presents a general description of neglect and observations from patient studies that warrant the integration of psychophysical concepts and neglect theory. The second examines the relationship between sensory perception and arousal and describes a brain mechanism that integrates arousal and sensory information. Schachter’s cognition-arousal theory has been highly influential in emotion psychology and beyond. The six contributions to this special section investigate the origins of Schachter’s theory in his previous work on affiliation; systematize the variety of existing versions of cognition-arousal theory; summarize recent cognition-feeling theories of emotion and associated empirical work. Attention - Attention - The neurophysiology of attention: The external manifestations of attention are accompanied by physiological changes, particularly within the brain and nervous system. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), a research and diagnostic method developed in the early s, has been used to study many brain activities, including attention. The Schachter-Singer two-factor theory suggests that physiological arousal receives cognitive labels as a function of the relevant context and that these two factors together result in an emotional experience. The limbic system is the brain’s emotional circuit, which includes the amygdala and the hippocampus.

Get this from a library! Brain rules: 12 principles for surviving and thriving at work, home, and school. [John Medina] -- In Brain Rules, Dr. John Medina, a molecular biologist, shares his lifelong interest in how the brain sciences might influence the way we teach our children and the way we work. In each chapter, he.

Brain Arousal and Information Theory by Donald Pfaff Download PDF EPUB FB2

“Brain Arousal and Information Theory is a major step in the development of the hour model of mental behavior that Freud envisioned and that psychology has ignored until now because of lack of data Although this volume does not do it all, it does fill in some of the understanding of the complex brain mechanisms behind mental by: Arousal is fundamental to all cognition.

It is intuitively obvious, absolutely necessary, but what exactly is it. In Brain Arousal and Information Theory, Donald Pfaff presents a daring perspective on this long-standing puzzle. Pfaff argues that, beneath our mental functions and emotional dispositions, a primitive neuronal system governs arousal.

Brain Arousal and Information Theory is a major step in the development of the hour model of mental behavior that Freud envisioned and that psychology has ignored until now because of lack of data Although this volume does not do it all, it does fill in some of the understanding of the complex brain mechanisms behind mental : $ Arousal is fundamental to all cognition.

It is intuitively obvious, absolutely necessary, but what exactly is it. In Brain Arousal and Information Theory, Donald Pfaff presents a daring perspective on this long-standing puzzle. Pfaff argues that, beneath our mental functions and emotional dispositions, a primitive neuronal system governs arousal.

Employing the simple. Book. Brain Arousal and Information Theory Details Author(s): Donald W PFAFF Publisher: Harvard University Press eISBN: Brain Arousal and Information Theory Neural and Genetic Mechanisms. HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS $ / ,50 € / £* Add to Cart. eBook (PDF) Publication Date: June Free shipping for non-business customers when ordering books at De Gruyter Online.

Please find details to our shipping fees here. RRP: Recommended Retail Price. Anatomy Is Not Destiny, but a Little Neuroanatomy Helps was published in Brain Arousal and Information Theory on page In Brain Arousal and Information Theory, Donald Pfaff presents a daring perspective on the long-standing puzzle of what arousal is.

Pfaff argues that, beneath our mental functions and emotional dispositions, a primitive neuronal system governs arousal. Motivation - Motivation - Motivation as arousal: A second biological approach to the study of human motivation has been the study of mechanisms that change the arousal level of the organism.

Early research on this topic emphasized the essential equivalency of changes in arousal, changes in emotion, and changes in motivation. It was proposed that emotional.

Arousal is the physiological and psychological state of being awoken or of sense organs stimulated to a point of perception. It involves activation of the ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) in the brain, which mediates wakefulness, the autonomic nervous system, and the endocrine system, leading to increased heart rate and blood pressure and a condition of.

Arousal is fundamental to all cognition. It is intuitively obvious, absolutely necessary, but what exactly is it. In Brain Arousal and Information Theory, Donald Pfaff presents a daring perspective on this long-standing puzzle.

Pfaff argues that, beneath our mental functions and emotional dispositions, a primitive neuronal system governs arousal. The arousal theory of motivation suggests that people are driven to perform actions in order to maintain an optimum level of physiological arousal.

What exactly is the optimal level of motivation. Well, it varies from one individual to the next. Pfaff presents a daring perspective on the long-standing puzzle of what arousal is. He argues that, beneath our mental functions and emotional dispositions, a primitive neuronal system governs arousal.

Employing the simple but powerful framework of information theory, Pfaff revolutionizes our understanding of arousal systems in the brain. [Google Scholar]) book Natural Minds that awoke me from my “dogmatic daydream” and made me realize that we had a candidate for what brain states are and that, while people were using it in their theory construction, no one had come out and made it explicit.

[2] He, of course, thinks that this is something that we can have. Generalized arousal refers to an overall state function of brain activity, and in the intact brain, ranges from stage three non-REM sleep, where strong stimuli are required to elicit a response, to states of high vigilance within wakefulness, where subtle stimuli can.

Keywords: music, arousal, emotions, pleasure, subcortical processing, lower functions of the brain. Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements.

Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to. Arousal effects and therefore increases the priority of processing important information and decrease the priority of processing less critical information. The presence of arousal improves the efficiency of behavior that concerns a crucial stimulus, but it is done at the expense of the background stimuli.

Two memory systems theory. Get this from a library. Brain arousal and information theory: neural and genetic mechanisms.

[Donald W Pfaff] -- "Donald Pfaff argues that, beneath our mental functions and emotional dispositions, a primitive neuronal system governs arousal. Employing the simple but powerful framework of information theory. Sexual arousal (also sexual excitement) is typically the arousal of sexual desire during or in anticipation of sexual activity.A number of physiological responses occur in the body and mind as preparation for sexual intercourse and continue during it.

Male arousal will lead to an erection, and in female arousal the body's response is engorged sexual tissues such as nipples, vulva. Berns GS, Blaine K, Preitula MJ, and Pye BE. Short- and Long-Term Effects of a Novel on Connectivity in the Brain. Brain Connectivity.

Christy K, Nathanson AI, Sharp ML, Alad é F, and Rasmussen EE. The Relation Between Television Exposure and Theory of Mind Among Preschoolers. Journal of Communication. This book explains the theory in simple terms and incorporates recent developments in brain plasticity research (the capacity of the brain to change throughout life) to give parents and professionals the tools to strengthen the child's brain-body connection and lessen the social and emotional impact of s:   Arousal has been shown to affect what aspects of stimulus information we remember, although much remains equivocal.

Some research points to arousal heightening memory for central details at the cost of memory for peripheral details. Christianson & Loftus () conducted a study in which participants viewed a series of slides.

Brain and body. Physical arousal is managed in the brain by the brainstem, the oldest 'reptilian' part of the brain that manages wakefulness and basic bodily action. Emotional arousal is driven by the limbic system, particularly the amygdala. Emotional arousal also engages the physical arousal system.

The Sexual Brain is a book about brain mechanisms involved in sexual behavior and feelings, and related topics such as sexual orientation, by the neuroscientist Simon book was praised as a well-written work on science. However, some reviewers pointed out factual errors, and noted that LeVay failed to prove that homosexuality has a biological basis.

Myounghoon Jeon, in Emotions and Affect in Human Factors and Human-Computer Interaction, Relationship Between Affect and Cognition. Traditionally, psychological sciences have suggested various theories on the relationship among emotion, physiological arousal, and cognition [e.g., the James-Lange theory (James, ), the Cannon-Bard theory (Cannon, ), and the two-factor theory.

Results. We have developed a behavioral assay of generalized CNS arousal that takes into account the three proposed facets of arousal behavior, motor activity, sensory responsivity and emotionality ().Genetically heterogeneous mice were tested in this assay for specific breeding details) and rank orders were established for high and low arousal on each.

Researchers have developed several theories of how human emotions arise and are represented in the brain. The James–Lange theory of emotion, for instance, asserts that emotions arise from physiological arousal: in essence, that the self-perception of changes in the body produce emotional experiences.

are anatomical differences in the brain between homosexual and heterosexual men. xuality is a learned preference acquired when same-sex stimuli have been paired with sexual arousal. xuality results when a boy is raised by a weak, detached, ineffectual father and an overprotective close-binding mother.

The book is intended as a contribution to behavior theory, i.e., to psychology conceived as a branch of science with the circumscribed objective of explaining and predicting behavior. But interest in attention and exploratory behavior and in other topics indissociably bound up with them, such as art, humor and thinking, has by no means been.

The Schachter-Singer two-factor theory holds that our emotions have two ingredients, physical arousal and a cognitive label, and the cognitive labels we put on our states of arousal are an essential ingredient of emotion.

Lazarus agreed that many important emotions arise from our interpretations or inferences. In the most simplistic terms, mind-brain identity theory purports that the mind is simply a part of the physical body. Like all ideas and theories on the state of being, this philosophy of mind seeks to explain the nature of human consciousness and to address the mind-body problem -- a philosophical conundrum over the relationship between the mind (with its thoughts, beliefs and .This chapter considers the role of arousal in emotional experience.

It argues that arousal serves as one of a number of cue sources that generate some emotional experiences. Arousal is sufficient to increase anger, fear, passionate love, and their close relations. Arousal is also necessary in the somewhat weak sense that some cue sources are required. An absence of arousal .Eysenck’s Theory.

Along with the theory that the difference between extroverts and introverts are where they lose of gain energy from, there is another theory developed in the 60s by Hans Eysenck’s.

Eysenck believed that the difference between extroverts and introverts was their level of arousal.